Mysterious – some of their most important theology includes the explanation: “We don’t know, it is a mystery.” They emphasize personal transformation by contact with Christ through the sacraments and through contemplative prayer; they de-emphasize rational expositions.
Sacramental – this word in Greek is mysterion, which means mystery. Through these mystical and mysterious experiences, we encounter Christ and are transformed.
Liturgical – “modern,” “relevant,” and “marketable” are not terms that concern the Orthodox. Their style of worship goes back to the time of the apostles and is filled with beautiful prayers and songs. For them, worship is not about us, but rather about God. Coming from a charismatic background, this was difficult for me at first.
Prayerful – they teach that we are to pray without ceasing. The mystic fathers of the Orthodox faith are renown throughout the world. Even the Divine Liturgy celebrated every Sunday morning contains mostly prayers and songs of worship.
Deep – you can spend years studying Orthodox theology and still feel like you have only dipped your toes in the water. Here is the reason I believe that is so: their theology ends in experiencing the depth and beauty of God. Therefore, the journey is not an intellectual one, rather it is experiential. It is heart-lead and it has no end that can be reached in this life.
Tradition & Bible based – The Bible was written and canonized over hundreds of years by the Church. It is part of Church tradition. As Fr Anthony Coniaris writes, “We believe that the Bible needs Sacred Tradition as the living interpreter of God’s word, just as the Sacred Tradition needs the Bible as its anchor and foundation.” During every liturgy, the Gospel Book (containing the four Gospels) is ceremoniously brought in and everyone stands when the words of Jesus are being read as if He were there in the flesh speaking these words. The scriptures are taken very seriously, after all, the Orthodox Church wrote and canonized the Bible; however, scripture is understood in its proper context as being the foundation of tradition.
Colorful – I write in depth about this in my post here, but suffice it to say that I call Orthodoxy “Christianity in Color” and not just because of the icons.
Solid – Every few years someone comes out with a book trying to start a new movement in the Christian faith. They claim that they have finally discovered how the New Testament church is supposed to look. The Orthodox Church on the other hand hasn’t changed significantly for 2,000 years. I have found it to be a place of refuge from these fads and trends that sweep over the church. One of two things happens to every new fad: either it fizzles out or it becomes so popular that it is the “establishment” that everyone wants to change in the next generation of Christians.
Eschatological – that’s a fancy word that means “the study of end times.” You won’t find the Orthodox holding seminars for things like: “Revelations – Ancient Biblical Prophecy Finally Figured Out!” However, they care very deeply about the second coming of Christ and life after death. They keep a steady look forward toward the coming Kingdom, but without pretending to know when and how things are going to happen.
Interestingly, it seems the largest eschatological emphasis is placed on the “end time” for each individual. All of us will die one of these days, are we prepared for the end?
Emphatically Trinitarian – They place so much emphasis on Jesus you may begin to question just how much you really believe that Jesus is God. That happened to me anyway, probably because I spent a year studying with the Jehovah’s Witnesses before exploring Orthodoxy. I thought I was immune to their attacks on Christ’s divinity, but hearing it over and over left a subconscious impression.
Most of us growing up in some Christian tradition have a vague belief in the Trinity. I feel the Orthodox take it quite a bit deeper. Some Orthodox speak of their understanding of the Trinity in this way: God the Father, God the Son, God the Holy Spirit, or God above me, God beside me, God within me. Almost every prayer in the Liturgy is prayed “in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.”
Presbyterian – It has nothing to do with the denomination that has that name. The Orthodox strongly stress, just as the first century Church did, the importance of spiritual authority. They have priests, bishops, archbishops, etc. This was a big turn-off to me at first because I figured “absolute authority corrupts absolutely.” But then I realized that the inverse is true: absolute freedom corrupts just as easily. I have found that contrary to what western culture teaches, there is actually a very great amount of spiritual freedom in submitting to spiritual authority. It doesn’t sound logical, but just give it a try and you will find it is true as well.